September 29, 2004 (11:31 AM EDT)
WASHINGTON — An accord between the United States and India loosens export restrictions on dual-use technologies, paving the way for closer space and civilian nuclear cooperation along with increased high-tech trade.
The agreement, dubbed the Next Steps in Strategic Partnerships initiative, removes the Indian Space Research Organization in Bangalore from the Commerce Department's "entity list." Dual-use items with commercial and military applications cannot be shipped to countries on the list.
The two governments have been meeting since January to conclude the first phase of the initiative, including implementation of nonproliferation measures and ensuring compliance with U.S. export controls. The export rules are designed to ensure that technologies are not passed along to third parties.
The U.S. imposed strict export restrictions on India and Pakistan after the rivals conducted a series of nuclear tests in 1998.
Negotiators are now expected to broaden their dialogue on missile defense technologies, the Commerce Department's Bureau of Industry and Security, said in a statement.